In United States politics
, the China lobby
is a phrase to describe special interest groups
acting on behalf of the governments of either the People's Republic of China
; or groups acting on the behalf of Republic of China
(Taiwan) to influence Sino-American relations
; or those in the U.S. who lobby for what they deem as pro Chinese American
policies and closer Sino-American relations.
During much of the twentieth century, the term "China lobby" was used most often to refer to special interest groups acting on behalf of the Republic of China (ROC). Before increased Sino-American engagement following the 1972 Nixon visit to China
, and the American recognition of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1979, the PRC lobby was overshadowed by representatives of Taiwan's interests. The then small Chinese American
community largely shared a pro Taiwan perspective. Since that time, the PRC lobby has greatly strengthened, and by the 1990s, "China lobby" began to refer to special interest groups who work to achieve the PRC's desired political, economic, immigration policies in Sino-American relations by influencing American policy makers, economic interests and the public. Read more...