) is a strong, cold, northwesterly wind that blows from southern France into the Gulf of Lion
in the northern Mediterranean
, with sustained winds often exceeding 66 km/h (41 mph), sometimes reaching 185 km/h (115 mph). It is most common in the winter and spring, and strongest in the transition between the two seasons. Periods of the wind exceeding 30 km/h (19 mph) for more than sixty-five hours have been reported.
In France, it refers to a violent, cold, north or northwest wind that accelerates when it passes through the valleys of the Rhône
and the Durance
Rivers to the coast of the Mediterranean around the Camargue
region. It affects the northeast of the plain of Languedoc
to the east of Toulon
, where it is felt as a strong west wind. It has a major influence all along the Mediterranean coast of France, and often causes sudden storms in the Mediterranean between Corsica
and the Balearic Islands
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