Georgian presidential election, 2018

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Georgian presidential election, 2018

← 2013 28 October 2018 (1st Round)
28 November 2018 (2nd Round)
2024 →
Registered3,518,877[1]
Turnout46.83% (first round)
  Salome Zurabishvili cropped.jpg Grigol Vashadze (cropped).jpg
Candidate Salome Zurabishvili Grigol Vashadze
Party Independent UNM
Alliance Georgian Dream Strength is in Unity

Georgian presidential election 2018-tier 1.svg
First round results by region or municipality

Incumbent President

Giorgi Margvelashvili
Independent



Presidential elections were held in Georgia on 28 October 2018, the seventh presidential elections since the country's restoration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The last elections in October 2013 resulted in a victory for Giorgi Margvelashvili, a candidate of the Georgian Dream coalition.

Following amendments to the constitution in 2017, the 2018 elections will be the last direct presidential vote; after 2018 presidents will be elected by the 300-member College of Electors. In view of these changes, the President will be elected for a term of six years in 2018.[2]

A second round involving Salome Zurabishvili and Grigol Vashadze will be held on 28 November 2018 because no candidate was able to secure at least 50% of the vote in the first round.[3]

Candidates[edit]

46 people applied to participate in the elections, 21 of which were rejected by the Election Administration of Georgia.[4] 25 presidential candidates were registered by the Election Administration of Georgia.[4][5] This is the largest number since Georgia's first presidential election in 1991.[6] All 25 candidates were included on the ballot paper.[7]

Name Occupation Nominated by
1 Mikheil Antadze Professor State for the People Movement
2 Davit Bakradze Member of Parliament European Georgia
4 Vakhtang Gabunia Politician Christian‐Democratic Movement
5 Grigol Vashadze Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia (2008-2012) United National Movement
10 Shalva Natelashvili Leader of Georgian Labour Party Georgian Labour Party
13 Zviad Mekhatishvili Politician Christian‐Conservative Party of Georgia
17 Giorgi Liluashvili Vice President of Georgian National Academy Party Georgia
18 Akaki Asatiani Politician Union of Georgian Traditionalists
21 Kakha Kukava Politician Free Georgia
22 Otar Meunargia Industry Will Save Georgia
23 Irakli Gorgadze Unemployed Movement for a Free Georgia
25 David Usupashvili Leader of Development Movement, former chairman of the Parliament of Georgia Free Democrats
27 Zviad Baghdavadze Unemployed Civic Platform – New Georgia
28 Mikheil Saluashvili Politician Union of Justice Restoration of the Nation: The Lord Is Our Truth
30 Zviad Iashvili Unemployed National‐Democratic Party
31 Tamar Tskhoragauli Entrepreneur Political Movement Freedom – Zviad Gamsakhurdia’s Way
35 Gela Khutsishvili Politician Political Movement of the Veterans and Patriots of Georgia
36 Zurab Japaridze Leader of Girchi Girchi
40 Levan Chkheidze Chkheidze and Partners Law Firm New Christian‐Democrats
48 Salome Zurabishvili Member of Parliament Initiative Group of Voters
49 Besarion Tediashvili Founder of TF Construction Initiative Group of Voters
51 Giorgi Andriadze Deputy Chairperson of the Commission for Learning Christian Theology and History of Religion at the Georgian Academy of Sciences Initiative Group of Voters
58 Kakhaber Chichinadze Entrepreneur Initiative Group of Voters
62 Vladimer Nonikashvili Director of Publishing House Paragraph Initiative Group of Voters
65 Teimuraz Shashiashvili Unemployed Initiative Group of Voters

Declined[edit]

Democratic Movement[edit]

Independent[edit]

Opinion polls[edit]

From 2018
Pollster Date Bakradze
EG
Vashadze
UNM
Zurabishvili
Independent
Natelashvili
Labour
Usupashvili
DM
Japaridze
Girchi
Burjanadze
DMUG
TBD
APG
Margvelashvili
Independent
Elisashvili
Independent
Kukava
FG
Bregadze
GM
None of the Above
EXIT POLLS:
BCG
28.10.18 17% 37% 34% 5% - - - - - - - - -
EXIT POLLS:
Psychoportrait
28.10.18 9% 28% 52% 2% 2% 3% - - - - - - -
EXIT POLLS:
Edison Research
28.10.18 10% 40% 40% 3% 2% 3% - - - - - - -
Election day (28 October)
BCG 20.10.18-24.10.18 30% 27% 33% 4% 2% - - - - - - - -
Edison Research 15.10.18-24.10.18 16% 37% 32% 6% - - - - - - - - 8%
IPN, Ambebi.ge, Kvirispalitra.ge 24.10.18 5% 27% 31% 3% 11% 5% - - - - - - 18%
Edison Research 25.09.18-4.10.18 15% 31% 16% 7% 3% - - - - - - - 21%
BCG 15-22 September 2018 29% 28% 21% 10% 6% - - - - - - - 6%
Edison Research 3-23 September 2018 18% 22% 15% 8% 3% 2% - - - - - - 32%
Primary August-September 2018 18.9% 43.9% 8.8% 5.7% 2.1% - - - - 3.9% 8% - -
Newposts August 2018 15% 25% 12% 4% 2% - - - - - - - 33%
Allnews 2 August 2018 5% 18% 19% - - - 8% - 6% 10% - - 30%
Metronome August 2018 5% 37% 8% 2% 3% 27% 3% - 2% 2% - - 8%
NDI 23.06.18 —08.07.18 6% 10% 12% 4% - - - - 6% - - - -
IRI 01.04.18 —22.04.18 16% 8% 17% 1% - - - 3% 10% - - - -

Second round[edit]

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Vashadze
UNM
Zurabishvili
Independent
Undecided
Edison Research 1–9 November 2018 41% 36% 23%
First round (28 October)
BCG 20–24 October 2018 39% 27% -
Edison Research 15–24 October 2018 44% 29% 27%
BCG 15–22 September 2018 40% 19% 40%
Edison Research 14–23 September 2018 50% 24% 26%

Approval ratings[edit]

Date Pollster Sample size
Apr 2018 IRI 1,500
March 2018 NDI 2,194
 
Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Yes check.svg X mark.svg N/O
41 52 7
25 16 58
 
David Bakradze
Yes check.svg X mark.svg N/O
53 40 7
34 18 47
 
Grigol Vashadze
Yes check.svg X mark.svg N/O
32 52 16
15 21 64
 
Giorgi Margvelashvili
Yes check.svg X mark.svg N/O
52 42 6
26 18 57
 
Shalva Natelashvili
Yes check.svg X mark.svg N/O
34 58 8
 
Nino Burjanadze
Yes check.svg X mark.svg N/O
23 73 4

Results[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Salomé Zurabishvili Independent 615,572 38.64
Grigol Vashadze United National Movement 601,224 37.74
Davit Bakradze European Georgia 174,849 10.97
Shalva Natelashvili Georgian Labour Party 59,651 3.74
David Usupashvili Development Movement 36,037 2.26
Zurab Japaridze Girchi 36,034 2.26
Kakha Kukava Free Georgia 21,186 1.33
Giorgi Andriadze Independent 13,133 0.82
Teimuraz Shashiashvili Independent 9,481 0.60
Tamar Tskhoragauli Freedom - Zviad Gamsakhurdia's Way 4,004 0.25
Besarion Tediashvili Independent 3,713 0.23
Mikheil Saluashvili Union for the Restoration of Justice 2,970 0.19
Levan Chkheidze New Christian Democrats 2,895 0.18
Akaki Asatiani Union of Georgian Traditionalists 1,994 0.13
Vakhtang Gabunia Christian Democratic Movement 1,958 0.12
Gela Khutsishvili Georgian Veterans' and Patriots' Political Movement 1,623 0.10
Kakhaber Chichinadze Independent 1,418 0.09
Mikheil Antadze State for the People 1,074 0.07
Giorgi Liluashvili Georgia Party 892 0.06
Zviad Mekhatishvili Georgan Christian-Conservative Party 713 0.04
Otar Meunargia Industry Will Save Georgia 664 0.04
Vladimer Nonikashvili Independent 633 0.04
Irakli Gorgadze Movement for a Free Georgia 531 0.03
Zviad Baghdavadze Citizen Platform - New Georgia 477 0.03
Zviad Iashvili National Democratic Party 444 0.03
Invalid/blank votes 53,847
Total 1,647,878 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,518,877 46.83
Source:[12]

Reactions[edit]

According to observers, the elections were "competitive and professionally administered." However, they saw a "substantial imbalance in donations", "excessively high spending limits", and a "lack of analytical reporting" as contributing factors to an unlevel playing field.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Certified Official Results of the 28 October 2018 First Round of the Georgian Presidential Election" (PDF). Central Election Commission (in Georgian). Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  2. ^ "Key Points of Newly Adopted Constitution". Civil Georgia. 27 September 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  3. ^ "Second Round of Presidential Election will be Held on November 28". Central Election Commission. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  4. ^ a b 25 Presidential Candidates are Registered for October 28, 2018 Elections
  5. ^ October 28, 2018 Presidential Elections of Georgia Registered Presidential Candidates
  6. ^ "Presidential Elections 2018: Weekly Digest No.2". Civil.ge:. 2018-09-25. Retrieved 2018-10-12.
  7. ^ The Term for Presidential Candidates to Withdraw their Candidacies has Expired
  8. ^ "Presidential Candidate Zurabishvili Claims Georgia Started August 2008 War". Georgia Today on the Web. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  9. ^ "Nino Burjanadze boycotts presidential election". Interpressnews. 8 September 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Current president Giorgi Margvelashvili not to run in presidential elections". Agenda.ge. Retrieved 2018-10-05.
  11. ^ "Goodbye, Mr. President". Georgia Today on the Web. Retrieved 2018-10-05.
  12. ^ "Certified Official Results of the 28 October 2018 First Round of the Georgian Presidential Election" (PDF). Central Election Commission (in Georgian). Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  13. ^ ¢Voters had a genuine choice and candidates campaigned freely, but on an unlevel playing field, international observers say Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, press release of October 29, 2018.