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1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1975th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 975th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1970s decade. It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 References
- January 1
- January 2
- January 5 – Tasman Bridge disaster: The Tasman Bridge in Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, is struck by the bulk ore carrier MV Lake Illawarra, killing 12 people.
- January 6 – United States television debuts:
- January 7 – OPEC agrees to raise crude oil prices by 10%.
- January 8
- January 14 – Heiress Lesley Whittle, 17, is kidnapped from her home in Shropshire, England by Donald Neilson.
- January 15
- Alvor Agreement: Portugal announces that it will grant independence to Angola on November 11.
- International Women's Year is launched in Britain by Princess Alexandra and Barbara Castle.
- Steel roller coaster Space Mountain (Magic Kingdom) opens at Walt Disney World in Florida, becoming one of the park's most popular attractions into the 21st century.
- January 18 – The United States Atomic Energy Commission is divided between the Energy Research and Development Administration and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, partly in response to the 1973 oil crisis.
- January 19 – The 6.8 Ms Kinnaur earthquake affected Himachal Pradesh in India with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing 47.
- January 20
- January 24 – Jazz pianist Keith Jarrett plays the solo improvisation The Köln Concert at the Cologne Opera, which, recorded live, becomes the best-selling piano recording in history.
- January 26 – Immaculata University defeats the University of Maryland 80-48 in the first nationally televised women's basketball game in the United States.
- January 29 – The Weather Underground radical student group bombs the United States Department of State main office in Washington, D.C.
- February 1 – The Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation is launched in the Philippines.
- February 4 – The Haicheng earthquake, the first successfully predicted earthquake, kills 2,041 and injures 27,538 in Haicheng, Liaoning, China.
- February 5 – The Argentine president Isabelita Perón decrees Operativo Independencia, aiming to neutralize or annihilate the "subversive elements" in the province of Tucuman. Isabelita takes advantage to take a self-coup and assume extraordinary powers.
- February 6 – A crucial by-election is held in Kankesanthurai, Sri Lanka.
- February 9 – The Soyuz 17 crew (Georgy Grechko, Aleksei Gubarev) returns to Earth after 1 month aboard the Salyut 4 space station.
- February 11
- February 13
- February 21 – Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell, and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, are sentenced to between 30 months and 8 years in prison.
- February 23 – In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly 2 months early in the United States.
- February 26 – A fleeing Provisional Irish Republican Army member shoots and kills off-duty London police officer Stephen Tibble, 22, as he gives chase.
- February 27 – The 2 June Movement kidnaps West German politician Peter Lorenz. He is released on March 4 after most of the kidnappers' demands are met.
- February 28
- A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London kills 43 people.
- In Lomé, Togo, the European Economic Community and 46 African, Caribbean and Pacific countries sign a financial and economic treaty, known as the first Lomé Convention.
- The National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA) approaches the South African Embassy in London and requests 40 to 50 artillery pieces to assist their cause in the Angolan Civil War.
- March 1
- March 4
- March 6
- March 7 – The body of teenage heiress Lesley Whittle, kidnapped 7 weeks earlier by the "Black Panther", is discovered in Staffordshire, England.
- March 8
- March 9 – Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
- March 10
- Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Mê Thuột, South Vietnam, on their way to capturing Saigon.
- The Rocky Horror Show opens on Broadway in New York City; closed after 3 previews and 45 performances.
- An extended portion of Sanyō Shinkansen between Okayama Station and Hakata Station opens, thus making Shinkansen reach the second island, Kyushu, Japan.
- March 11 – The leftist military government in Portugal defeats a rightist coup attempt.
- March 13 – Vietnam War: South Vietnam President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu orders the Central Highlands evacuated. This turns into a mass exodus involving troops and civilians (the Convoy of Tears).
- March 15 – In Brazil, Guanabara State merges into the state of Rio de Janeiro. The state's capital moves from the city of Niterói to the city of Rio de Janeiro.
- March 22 – Ding-a-dong by Teach-In (music by Dick Bakker, text by Will Luikinga and Eddy Ouwens) wins the 20th Eurovision Song Contest 1975 for the Netherlands.
- March 25 – King Faisal of Saudi Arabia is shot and killed by his nephew.
- March 27 – The South African government announces that it will consolidate the 113 separate homeland areas into 36.
- March 28 – A fire in the maternity wing at Kucic Hospital in Rijeka, former Yugoslavia, kills 25 people.
- March 29 – Blow by Blow by Jeff Beck is released. It would become his most successful album in the United States, reaching the top five and selling over one million copies.
- March 31
- Süleyman Demirel of AP forms the new government of Turkey (39th government, a four-party coalition, so-called First National Front (Turkish: Milliyetçi cephe)).
- In his final game on the sideline, John Wooden coaches UCLA to its 10th national championship in 12 seasons when the Bruins defeat Kentucky 92-85 in the title game at San Diego.
- April 3
- April 4
- April 5 – The Soviet manned space mission Soyuz 18a ends in failure during its ascent into orbit when a critical malfunction occurs in the second and third stages of the booster rocket during staging, resulting in the cosmonauts and their Soyuz spacecraft having to be ripped free from the vehicle. Both cosmonauts survive.
- April 9
- April 13
- April 15 – Karen Ann Quinlan, 21, faints after consuming Quaaludes at a party. She becomes a controversial subject in the right to die movement after her parents sue to have her comatose body removed from life-support. She lives off a feeding tube until 1985.
- April 17 – The Khmer Republic surrenders, when the Communist Khmer Rouge guerilla forces capture Phnom Penh ending the Cambodian Civil War, with mass evacuation of American troops and Cambodian civilians.
- April 18 – The Khmer Rouge begins a forcible mass evacuation of the city and starts the genocide.
- April 19 – Nico Diederichs becomes the 4th State President of South Africa.
- April 24 – Six Red Army Faction terrorists take over the West German embassy in Stockholm, take 11 hostages and demand the release of the group's jailed members; shortly after, they are captured by Swedish police (See West German Embassy siege).
- April 25 – Vietnam War: As North Vietnamese Army forces close in on the South Vietnamese capital Saigon, the Australian Embassy is closed and evacuated, almost 10 years to the day since the first Australian troop commitment to South Vietnam.
- April 29 – Vietnam War:
- April 30 – The Vietnam War ends with the Fall of Saigon: The Vietnam War concludes as Communist forces from North Vietnam take Saigon, resulting in mass evacuation of the remaining American troops and South Vietnam civilians. As the capital is taken, South Vietnam surrenders unconditionally and is replaced with the temporary Provisional Government.
- May 1 – The Cold War between Cambodia and Vietnam begins, which eventually leads to the Cambodian–Vietnamese War.
- May 3 – West Ham United wins the FA Cup at Wembley, beating Fulham 2–0 in the final. Both goals are scored by Alan Taylor. West Ham legend Bobby Moore, appears for Fulham.
- May 5 – The Busch Gardens Williamsburg theme park opens in Virginia.
- May 6
- May 12 – Mayaguez incident: Khmer Rouge forces in Cambodia seize the United States merchant ship Mayaguez in international waters.
- May 15 – Mayaguez incident: The American merchant ship Mayaguez, seized by Cambodian forces, is rescued by the U.S. Navy and Marines; 38 Americans are killed.
- May 16
- May 17 – Elton John's Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy becomes the first album to enter the US Billboard 200 album chart at Number One.
- May 25
- May 27
- The Dibbles Bridge coach crash near Grassington, North Yorkshire, England results in 32 deaths (the highest ever toll in a United Kingdom road accident).
- In the National Hockey League, The Philadelphia Flyers defeat the Buffalo Sabres 2-0 in game six of the finals to claim their second straight Stanley Cup.
- May 28 – Fifteen West African countries sign the Treaty of Lagos, creating the Economic Community of West African States.
- June 5
- June 6 – The Georgetown Agreement, formally creating the ACP Group, is signed.
- June 9 – The Order of Australia is awarded for the first time.
- June 10 – In Washington, D.C., the Rockefeller Commission issues its report on CIA abuses, recommending a joint congressional oversight committee on intelligence.
- June 11 – After a referendum and seven years of military rule, modern day Greece is established as the Hellas Republic.
- June 19 – Richard Bingham, 7th Earl of Lucan is found guilty in absentia of the murder of nanny Sandra Rivett.
- June 20 – Jaws is released in theaters and becomes a popular summer hit, setting the standard for Hollywood blockbusters for years to come.
- June 25
- June 26 – Two FBI agents and one AIM member die in a shootout, at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.
- July 1 – The Postmaster-General's Department is disaggregated into the Australian Telecommunications Commission (trading as Telecom Australia) and the Australian Postal Commission (trading as Australia Post).
- July 4
- July 5 – Cape Verde gains independence after 500 years of Portuguese rule.
- July 6
- July 9 – The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that will pave way for a multi-party system (albeit highly restricted).
- July 12 – São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.
- July 17 – Apollo–Soyuz Test Project: A manned American Apollo spacecraft and the manned Soviet Soyuz spacecraft for the Soyuz 19 mission, docks in orbit, marking the first such link-up between spacecraft from the 2 nations.
- July 30 – In Detroit, former Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa is reported missing.
- The first Cuban forces arrive in Angola to join Soviet personnel who are there to assist the MPLA that controls less than a quarter of Angolan territory.
- The United States, Zaire and Zambia request South Africa to provide training and support for the FNLA and UNITA.
- August 1 – The Helsinki Accords, which officially recognize Europe's national borders and respect for human rights, are signed in Finland.
- August 3 – The Louisiana Superdome opens in New Orleans.
- August 5 – U.S. President Ford posthumously restores the U.S. citizenship of General Robert E. Lee, military leader of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.
- August 8
- August 11
- August 15
- The Birmingham Six are wrongfully sentenced to life imprisonment in Great Britain. (They are released 1991.)
- Founder President Sheikh Mujibur Rahman of Bangladesh is killed during a coup led by Major Syed Faruque Rahman.
- Some members of Jehovah's Witnesses believe that Armageddon will occur this year based on the group's chronology and some sell their houses and businesses to prepare for the new world paradise which they believe will be created when Jesus establishes God's Kingdom on Earth.
- August 20 – Viking program: NASA launches the Viking 1 planetary probe toward Mars.
- August 24 – Officers responsible for the military coup in Greece in 1967 are sentenced to death in Athens. The sentences are later commuted to life imprisonment.
- August 25
- The Victoria Falls Conference between Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith and the United African National Council is held in a South African Railways coach on the Victoria Falls Bridge, officiated by Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda and South African Prime Minister John Vorster.
- Bruce Springsteen's album Born to Run is released in the United States.
- September–October – In New Zealand, Māori leader Whina Cooper leads a march of 5,000 people, in support of Maori claims to their land.
- September 5
- In Sacramento, California, Lynette Fromme, a follower of jailed cult leader Charles Manson, attempts to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is thwarted by a Secret Service agent.
- The London Hilton Hotel is bombed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army; two people are killed and 63 injured.
- September 6 – An earthquake of magnitude 6.7 kills at least 2,085 in Diyarbakır and Lice, Turkey.
- September 9 – Riverfront Coliseum opens in Cincinnati.
- September 14
- September 15 – The French department of "Corse", comprising the entire island of Corsica, is divided into two departments: Haute-Corse (Upper Corsica) and Corse-du-Sud (Southern Corsica).
- September 16 – Papua New Guinea gains its independence from Australia.
- September 16 – Cape Verde, Mozambique and São Tomé and Príncipe join the United Nations.
- September 18 – Fugitive Patty Hearst is captured in San Francisco.
- September 19
- September 20 – The term of Tuanku Al-Mutassimu Billahi Muhibbudin Sultan Abdul Halim Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah, as the 5th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, ends.
- September 21 – Sultan Yahya Petra ibni Almarhum Sultan Ibrahim Petra of Kelantan, becomes the 6th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
- September 22 – U.S. President Gerald Ford survives a second assassination attempt, this time by Sara Jane Moore in San Francisco.
- September 24 – Dougal Haston and Doug Scott on the 1975 British Mount Everest Southwest Face expedition become the first people to reach the summit of Mount Everest by any of its faces and the first Britons to reach the summit by any route.
- September 27
- September 28 – The Spaghetti House siege takes place in London.
- September 30 – The Hughes Helicopters (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing IDS) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.
- October 1 – Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
- October 2 – A blast at an explosives factory kills six in Beloeil, Quebec.
- October 9 – A bomb explosion outside the Green Park tube station near Piccadilly in London kills one and injures 20.
- October 11 – NBC airs the first episode of Saturday Night Live (George Carlin is the first host; Billy Preston and Janis Ian the first musical guests).
- October 14 – The South African Defence Force invades Angola during Operation Savannah in support of the FNLA and UNITA prior to the Angolan elections scheduled for 11 November.
- October 16
- October 21 – 1975 World Series: The Boston Red Sox defeat the Cincinnati Reds in Game 6 off Carlton Fisk's 12th-inning home run to cap off what many consider to be the best World Series game ever played.
- October 22 – The Reds defeat the Red Sox 4 games to 3 in a broadcast that breaks records for a televised sporting event.
- October 27 – Robert Poulin kills one and wounds five at St. Pius X High School in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada before shooting himself.
- October 30
- October 31
- The Queen single Bohemian Rhapsody is released. It later becomes one of their most popular songs.
- The Racial Discrimination Act 1975 took effect in Australia.
- Tun Mustapha resigned as Chief Minister of Sabah, a state in Malaysia, bringing to an end speculation that he would attempt to lead secession for Sabah to become an independent nation.
- November 3
- An independent audit of Mattel, one of the United States' largest toy manufacturers, reveals that company officials fabricated press releases and financial information to "maintain the appearance of continued corporate growth."
- The first petroleum pipeline opens from Cruden Bay to Grangemouth, Scotland.
- The long-running television game show The Price Is Right expands from 30 minutes to its current hour-long format on CBS.
- November 6 – The Green March begins: 300,000 unarmed Moroccans converge on the southern city of Tarfaya and wait for a signal from King Hassan II of Morocco to cross into Western Sahara.
- November 7 – A vapor cloud explosion at a petroleum cracking facility in Geleen, Netherlands leaves 14 dead and 109 injured, with fires lasting for five days.
- November 10
- United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379: By a vote of 72–35 (with 32 abstentions), the United Nations General Assembly approves a resolution equating Zionism with racism. The resolution provokes an outcry among Jews around the world. It is repealed in 1991.
- The 729-foot (222 m)-long freighter SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks during a storm 17 miles (27 km) from the entrance to Whitefish Bay on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew members on board (an event immortalized in song by Gordon Lightfoot).
- Lev Leshchenko revives Den Pobedy, one of the most popular World War II songs in the USSR.
- November 11
- Angola becomes independent from Portugal and civil war erupts.
- Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Governor-General of Australia Sir John Kerr controversially dismisses the Whitlam Labor Government and commissions Malcolm Fraser of the Liberal/National Country Coalition as caretaker Prime Minister.
- The first annual Vogalonga rowing "race" is held in Venice, Italy.
- November 12 – The Comoros joins the United Nations.
- November 14 – Madrid Accords: Spain abandons Western Sahara.
- November 15 – The "Group of 6" (G-6) industrialized nations is formed.
- November 16 – Beginning of the Third Cod War between UK and Iceland, which lasts until June 1976.
- November 19 – The United States Congress approves the Clark Amendment, ending aid to the FNLA and UNITA.
- November 20
- Former California Governor Ronald Reagan enters the race for the Republican presidential nomination, challenging incumbent President Gerald Ford.
- Spanish dictator Francisco Franco dies in Madrid, effectively marking the end of the dictatorship established following the Spanish Civil War and the beginning of Spain's transition to democracy.
- November 22 – Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of dictator Francisco Franco; he would reign until his abdication in 2014.
- November 25
- November 26 – The cult classic movie The Rocky Horror Picture Show is released in the United States.
- November 27 – Ross McWhirter, co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records, is shot dead by the Provisional Irish Republican Army for offering reward money to informers.
- November 28
- November 29
- The name "Micro-soft" (for microcomputer software) is used by Bill Gates in a letter to Paul Allen for the first time (Microsoft becomes a registered trademark on November 26, 1976).
- While disabled, the submarine tender USS Proteus discharges radioactive coolant water into Apra Harbor, Guam. A Geiger counter at two of the harbor's public beaches shows 100 millirems/hour, 50 times the allowable dose.
- Formula One world champion Graham Hill is killed when the Piper Aztec aeroplane he was piloting crashed in foggy conditions near Arkley golf course in North London.
- December 2 – In Laos, the communist party of the Pathet Lao takes over Vientiane and defeats the Kingdom of Laos, forcing King Sisavang Vatthana to abdicate and creating the Lao People's Democratic Republic. This ends the Laotian Civil War, with mass evacuation of American troops and Laotian civilians.
- December 3 – The ongoing Insurgency in Laos begins with the Pathet Lao fighting the Hmongs, Royalist-in-exile and the Right-wings.
- December 8 – New York City is approved for bailout of 2.3 billion each year through to 1978 – 6.9 billion total.
- December 7 – Indonesian invasion of East Timor: Indonesia invades East Timor; the occupation continues until 1999, when U.N. peacekeepers take over control until 2002.
- December 13 – Australian federal election, 1975: The Liberal/National Country Coalition led by Malcolm Fraser defeats the recently dismissed Labor Government led by Gough Whitlam. The incoming Fraser Government achieves what is so far the largest parliamentary majority in federal Australian political history. Whitlam would subsequently survive a leadership challenge against him.
- December 18 – The Lutz family moves into 112 Ocean Avenue, Amityville, Long Island, New York, in the United States, only to flee from the house after 28 days, which would go on to inspire the story of The Amityville Horror.
- December 21 – Six people, including Carlos the Jackal, kidnap delegates of an OPEC conference in Vienna.
- December 25 – The heavy metal band Iron Maiden is formed by Steve Harris in London.
- December 29 – A bomb explosion at LaGuardia Airport in New York City kills 11 people.
- The Spanish Army quits Spanish Sahara (modern-day Western Sahara), last remnant of the Spanish Empire. The Sahrawi Republic (RASD) is created. Morocco invades the former territory.
- The government of Colombia announces the finding of Ciudad Perdida.
- Benoit Mandelbrot coins the mathematical term fractal.
- Lyme disease is first diagnosed at Lyme, Connecticut.
- Victoria (Australia) abolishes capital punishment.
- South Australia becomes the first Australian state to decriminalize homosexual acts between consenting adults.
- Peter Gabriel departs Genesis, and is replaced on lead vocals by drummer Phil Collins.
- The first monster truck, Bigfoot, is created by Bob Chandler.
- January 1
- January 2
- January 3
- January 5
- January 6
- January 8 – Chris Simmons, British actor
- January 10 – Jake Delhomme, American football player
- January 11
- January 13 – Shazia Mirza, British comedian
- January 15 – Mary Pierce, French tennis player
- January 16 – Anthony Taberna, Filipino broadcast journalist and radio commentator
- January 17
- January 20
- January 21 – Zach Helm, American writer, director, and producer
- January 22 – Balthazar Getty, American actor
- January 23 – Tito Ortiz, American mixed martial arts fighter
- January 24 – Paul Marazzi, English singer
- January 25
- January 28
- January 29
- January 30 – Yumi Yoshimura, Japanese singer
- February 1 – Big Boi, American rapper
- February 2
- February 4 – Natalie Imbruglia, Australian actress and singer
- February 6 – Tomoko Kawase, Japanese singer
- February 9 – Vladimir Guerrero, Dominican baseball player
- February 10 – Hiroki Kuroda, Japanese baseball pitcher
- February 11 – Jacque Vaughn, American basketball player
- February 14 – Malik Zidi, French actor
- February 16 – Nanase Aikawa, Japanese singer
- February 17
- February 18
- February 19 – Mohamed Aly, Egyptian reformist and writer
- February 20 – Brian Littrell, American pop singer
- February 21 – Mark Ross, American rock singer and entrepreneur
- February 22 – Drew Barrymore, American actress and film producer
- February 23
- February 25
- March 1
- March 4
- March 5
- March 6 – Aracely Arámbula, Mexican actress, singer and model
- March 7
- March 9
- March 11
- March 12 – Kéllé Bryan, English singer
- March 15
- March 17
- March 18
- March 19
- March 21
- Mark Williams, Welsh professional snooker player
- March 25
- March 27 – Fergie, American singer and actress
- March 28 – Richard Kelly, American director
- March 29 – Jan Bos, Dutch speed skater
- March 30 – Bahar Soomekh, American actress
- April 2
- April 3
- April 4
- April 5
- April 6
- April 7
- April 8 – Anouk, Dutch singer-songwriter and producer
- April 9
- April 13
- April 14
- April 15 – Paul Dana, American race car driver (d. 2006)
- April 16
- Megumi Ōhara, Japanese voice actress
- April 17 – Lee Hyun-il, South Korean badminton player
- April 21 – Danyon Loader, New Zealand swimmer
- April 22
- April 23 – Olga Kern, Russian pianist
- April 26 – Joey Jordison, American metal drummer
- April 25 – Chris Lilley, Australian actor, comedian, and writer
- April 27 – Kazuyoshi Funaki, Japanese ski jumper
- April 29 – Eric Koston, American skateboarder
- April 30
- May 1 – Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2003)
- May 2
- May 3
- May 7 – Jason Tunks, Canadian discus thrower
- May 8
- May 9 – Chris Diamantopoulos, Canadian actor
- May 10
- May 12 – Jonah Lomu, New Zealand rugby player (d. 2015)
- May 13 – Itatí Cantoral, Mexican actress
- May 15
- May 16 – Tony Kakko, Finnish singer
- May 17 – Jonti Picking, British animator, voice actor and internet personality
- May 18
- May 19
- May 20
- May 22 – Janne Niinimaa, Finnish hockey player
- May 23 – Michiel van den Bos, Dutch composer
- May 25
- May 26
- Tsuruno Takeshi, Japanese actor and singer
- May 27
- May 28 – Charmaine Sheh, Hong Kong actress
- May 29
- May 31 – Toni Nieminen, Finnish ski jumper
- June 1
- June 4
- June 5
- June 7
- June 8 – Shilpa Shetty, Bollywood actress
- June 9 – Andrew Symonds, Australian cricketer
- June 10 – Darren Eadie, English footballer
- June 11 – Choi Ji-woo, South Korean actress and model
- June 14
- June 15 – Elizabeth Reaser, American actress
- June 16 – Anabel Conde, Spanish singer
- June 17 – Phiyada Akkraseranee, Thai actress
- June 18 – Martin St. Louis, Canadian hockey player
- June 19
- June 21 – Oscar Wood, American wrestler
- June 22 – Jeff Hephner, American actor
- June 23
- June 24
- June 25
- June 26
- June 27
- June 28
- June 30
- July 1 – Sufjan Stevens, American musician
- July 2 – Maxim Mehmet, German actor
- July 2 – Ryan McPartlin, American actor
- July 4
- July 5
- July 6
- July 7
- July 8 – Amara, Indonesian actress, model, and singer
- July 9
- July 10
- July 11
- July 13 – Diego Spotorno, Ecuadorian actor and TV host
- July 14 – Flore Zoé, Dutch photographer
- July 15
- July 17
- July 18
- July 19
- July 20
- July 21 – Fredrik Johansson, Swedish musician
- July 22 – Kenshin Kawakami, Japanese baseball pitcher
- July 23 – Suriya, Indian actor
- July 24
- July 25
- July 27
- July 29 – Terrence Wilkins, American football player
- July 30
- August 1
- August 3 – Yoyo Mung, Hong Kong actress
- August 4 – Jason Crump, Australian motorcycle speedway rider
- August 5
- August 7
- August 9 – Mahesh Babu, Indian actor
- August 11 – Roger Craig Smith, American voice actor
- August 12 – Casey Affleck, American actor and film director
- August 13 – Shoaib Akhtar, Pakistani fast bowler
- August 15 – Kara Wolters, American basketball player
- August 18 – Kaitlin Olson, American actress
- August 22
- August 24 – Hayato Sakurai, Japanese martial artist
- August 25 – Raymond Wong Ho-yin, Hong Kong actor
- August 27 – Björn Gelotte, Swedish musician
- August 28 – Yūko Gotō, Japanese voice actress and singer
- August 29
- August 31 – Sara Ramirez, American Actress
- September 1
- September 2 – Czech neo-burlesque impresario
- September 3 – Redfoo, American disc jockey
- September 4 – Mark Ronson, English DJ, record producer, and singer
- September 6
- September 7 – Renato Sobral, Brazilian martial artist
- September 9 – Michael Bublé, Canadian musician
- September 10 – R. Luke DuBois, American composer and artist
- September 11 – Brad Fischetti, American musician
- September 13 – Peter Ho, American-Taiwanese singer and actor
- September 16
- September 17
- September 18
- September 20
- September 22
- September 23 – Kim Dong-moon, South Korean badminton player
- September 25
- September 27 – Sam Lee, Hong Kong actor
- September 28 – Ana Brnabić, Prime Minister of Serbia
- September 30
- October 3 – Alanna Ubach, American actress and singer
- October 5
- October 7
- October 9 – Joe McFadden, British actor
- October 9 – Sean Lennon, American musician
- October 10 – Ihsahn, Norwegian musician
- October 14
- October 15 – Michél Mazingu-Dinzey, German-Congolese footballer
- October 16
- October 19
- October 20 – Natalie Gregory, American child actress
- October 21 – Henrique Hilário, Portuguese footballer
- October 22
- October 23
- October 25 – Zadie Smith, English writer
- October 30 – Ian D'Sa, Canadian guitarist
- October 31 – Director X, Canadian music video director
- November 2 – Danny Cooksey, American actor
- November 3 – Marta Domínguez, Spanish athlete
- November 4 – Éric Fichaud, Canadian hockey player
- November 5
- November 8
- November 10 – Markko Märtin, Estonian race car driver
- November 11 – Daisuke Ohata, Japanese rugby union player
- November 12 – Jason Lezak, American swimmer
- November 14 – Faye Tozer, English singer
- November 15 – Hiromi Ominami, Japanese long-distance runner
- November 16
- November 18
- November 19 – Sushmita Sen, Indian beauty queen and actress
- November 20
- November 21
- November 22 – James Madio, American actor
- November 24
- November 28 – Eka Kurniawan, Indonesian writer
- November 30 – Ben Thatcher, Welsh footballer
- December 1 – David Hornsby, American actor
- December 2 – Malinda Williams, American actress
- December 3 – Csaba Czébely, Hungarian drummer
- December 5
- December 6
- December 8 – Kevin Harvick, American race car driver
- December 10 – Joe Mays, American baseball pitcher
- December 11 – Gerben de Knegt, Dutch cyclist
- December 12
- December 13 – Tom DeLonge, American guitarist and vocalist
- December 16
- December 17
- December 18
- December 20 – Bartosz Bosacki, Polish footballer
- December 21
- December 23 – Vadim Sharifijanov, Russian ice hockey player
- December 26
- December 27
- December 29 – Shawn Hatosy, American actor
- December 30
- December 31 – Mikko Sirén, Finnish drummer
- Nazma Akter, Banglahdesi trade unionist
- January 3 – Victor Kraft, Austrian philosopher (b. 1880)
- January 4 – Ole Rømer Aagaard Sandberg, Norwegian military officer and farmer (b. 1888)
- January 7 – Harry Gunnison Brown, American economist teaching at Yale in 20th century (b. 1880)
- January 8 – Louis P. Lochner, American political activist, journalist, and author (b. 1887)
- January 9 – Pierre Fresnay, French actor (b. 1897)
- January 14 – Georgi Traykov, former head of State of Bulgaria as Chairman of the Presidium of the National Assembly (b. 1898)
- January 16 – Bandō Mitsugorō VIII, Japanese actor (b. 1906)
- January 17 – Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, 19th President of Colombia (b. 1900)
- January 18 – Evelyn Greeley, American silent film actress (b. 1888)
- January 19 – Thomas Hart Benton, American artist (b. 1889)
- January 23 – Prince Karl Franz of Prussia (b. 1916)
- January 27
- January 28 – Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (b. 1887)
- February 3 – Umm Kulthum, Egyptian actress and singer (b. 1904)
- February 4 – Louis Jordan, American musician (b. 1908)
- February 5 – George Rowe, American actor (b. 1894)
- February 8
- February 10 – Dave Alexander, American musician (b. 1947)
- February 14
- February 16 – Morgan Taylor, American Olympic athlete (b. 1903)
- February 18 – Chivu Stoica, Romanian Communist politician, 48th Prime Minister of Romania and head of State (b. 1908)
- February 19 – Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer (b. 1904)
- February 24 – Nikolai Bulganin, Premier of the Soviet Union (b. 1895)
- February 25 – Elijah Muhammad, American Nation of Islam leader (b. 1897)
- March 3 – Therese Giehse, German actress (b. 1898)
- March 7
- March 8
- March 9
- March 10 – Arthur W. Hummel Sr., American Christian missionary to China (b. 1884)
- March 11 – Margarita Fischer, German silent film actress (b. 1886)
- March 13 – Ivo Andrić, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
- March 14 – Susan Hayward, American actress (b. 1917)
- March 15 – Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate (b. 1906)
- March 16
- March 19
- March 20 – Infante Jaime, Duke of Segovia, (b. 1908)
- March 25
- March 27 – Sir Arthur Bliss, British composer and Master of the Queen's Music (b. 1891)
- March 30 – Boots Adams, American business magnate, president of Phillips Petroleum Company (b. 1899)
- April 5
- April 6 – Percival Gordon, Canadian lawyer (b. 1884)
- April 10
- April 12 – Josephine Baker, France entertainer, activist (b. 1906)
- April 14
- April 17 – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher and politician, 2nd President of India (b. 1888)
- April 20 – Abu Bakr Ahmad Haleem, Pakistani scientist (b. 1897)
- April 24 – Pete Ham, Welsh singer, songwriter and guitarist (b. 1947)
- April 30 – Gen Paul, French artist (b. 1895)
- May 4 – Moe Howard, American actor and comedian (b. 1897)
- May 6 – Mary Stocks, Baroness Stocks, British writer (b. 1891)
- May 8 – Avery Brundage, American administrator, 5th President of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1887)
- May 9
- Philip Dorn, Dutch actor (b. 1901)
- Archduke Franz Josef of Austria, Prince of Tuscany (b. 1905)
- May 13 – Richard Hollingshead, American inventor of the drive-in theatre (b. 1900)
- May 18
- May 20 – Dame Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor and artist (b. 1903)
- May 22
- May 23
- May 24 – Guy La Chambre, French politician (b. 1898)
- May 25 – Count Dante, American martial artist (b. 1939)
- May 28 – Ezzard Charles, American boxer, former World Heavyweight Champion (b. 1921)
- May 30
- June 3
- June 4 – Evelyn Brent, American actress (b. 1899)
- June 9 – Albert Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer, British aristocrat (b. 1898)
- June 11 – Apollo Granforte, Italian opera singer (b. 1886)
- June 12 – Rafael Arévalo Martínez, Guatemalan writer (b. 1884)
- June 13 – José María Guido, 33rd President of Argentina (b. 1910)
- June 15 – William Austin, English actor (b. 1884)
- June 18 – Hugo Bergmann, German and Israeli Jewish philosopher (b. 1883)
- June 23 – William Hansen, American actor (b. 1911)
- June 27
- July 2 – James Robertson Justice, British actor (b. 1907)
- July 4 – Luigi Carlo Borromeo, Italian Roman Catholic bishop (b. 1893)
- July 6 – Olive Pink, Australian botanical illustrator and anthropologist (b. 1884)
- July 10 – Achille Van Acker, 33rd Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1898)
- July 12 – Zulfiqar Ali Bukhari, Pakistan broadcaster (b. 1904)
- July 15 – Charles Weidman, American choreographer and dancer (b. 1901)
- July 17
- July 18 – Vaughn Bodē, American artist and psychedelic cartoonist (b. 1941)
- July 19
- July 21 – Billy West, American actor (b. 1892)
- July 27 – Anne Spencer, American poet (b. 1882)
- August 3
- August 9 – Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer (b. 1906)
- August 10 – Robert Barton, Irish politician and last surviving signatory of the Anglo-Irish Treaty (b. 1881)
- August 11
- August 14 – Charles Pollard Olivier, American astronomer (b. 1884)
- August 15 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, 2nd Prime Minister of Bangladesh and 1st and 4th President of Bangladesh (assassinated) (b. 1920)
- August 16 – Vladimir Kuts, Soviet runner (b. 1927)
- August 17 – Sig Arno, German actor (b. 1895)
- August 19
- August 23
- August 25 – Joseph Kane, American film director and producer (b. 1894)
- August 26 – Cullen Landis, American actor (b. 1896)
- August 27 – Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1892)
- August 28 – Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)
- August 29
- August 31 – Pierre Blaise, French actor (b. 1952)
- September 2 – Mabel Vernon, American suffragist and pacifist (b. 1883)
- September 5 – Alice Catherine Evans, American microbiologist (b. 1881)
- September 9
- September 10
- September 11 – Ivan Afanasenko, Soviet red army general (b. 1923)
- September 13 – Mudicondan Venkatarama Iyer, Indian musician (b. 1897)
- September 16 – Irene Hayes, American Ziegfeld girl and businesswoman (b. 1896)
- September 19 – Pamela Brown, English actress (b. 1917)
- September 20 – Saint-John Perse, French diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
- September 23 – Ian Hunter, British actor (b. 1900)
- September 24 – Earle Cabell, American politician (b. 1906)
- September 26 – C. H. Waddington, British biologist, paleontologist, geneticist and philosopher (b. 1905)
- September 27 – Jack Lang, Australian politician (b. 1876)
- September 29 – Casey Stengel, American baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers) and manager (New York Yankees, New York Mets) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1890)
- October 3 – Guy Mollet, 94th Prime Minister of France (b. 1905)
- October 4 – May Sutton, American tennis champion (b. 1886)
- October 6 – Chiura Obata, Japanese-American artist (b. 1885)
- October 10
- October 11 –István Antal, Hungarian politician (b. 1896)
- October 16 – Benjamin McCandlish, Governor of Guam (b. 1886)
- October 19 – Cesare Bettarini, Italian actor (b. 1901)
- October 22
- October 27
- October 28 – Georges Carpentier, French boxer (b. 1894)
- October 30 – Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
- November 2 – Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director (assassinated) (b. 1922)
- November 4 – Francis Dvornik, Czech historian (b. 1893)
- November 5
- November 6 – Norman Riches, Welsh cricketer (b. 1883)
- November 13 – R. C. Sherriff, English writer (b. 1896)
- November 14 – Artemi Ayvazyan, Soviet composer (b. 1902)
- November 17 – Kay Johnson, American actress (b. 1904)
- November 20 – Tokushichi Mishima, Japanese engineer (b. 1893)
- November 29
- December 1
- December 2 – Hugh B. Brown, American attorney, educator, author (b. 1883)
- December 4 – Hannah Arendt, German political theorist (b. 1906)
- December 7
- December 8 – Baselios Augen I, Indian Orthodox metropolitan (b. 1884)
- December 9 – William A. Wellman, American film director (b. 1896)
- December 10 – Andrew "Boy" Charlton, Australian Olympic swimmer (b. 1907)
- December 11 – Lee Wiley, American jazz singer (b. 1908)
- December 14 – Arthur Treacher, English actor (b. 1894)
- December 15 – Shigeyoshi Inoue, Japanese admiral (b. 1889)
- December 17 – Noble Sissle, American jazz composer (b. 1889)
- December 18 – Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian-American geneticist and evolutionary biologist (b. 1900)
- December 19 – René Maheu, French professor and administrator, 6th Director-General of UNESCO (b. 1905)
- December 20 – William Lundigan, American actor (b. 1914)
- December 21 – Rowland V. Lee, American film director (b. 1891)
- December 24
- December 27 – Clara Sipprell, Canadian photographer (b. 1885)
- December 30 – Elene Akhvlediani, Soviet painter (b. 1901)
- Physics – Aage Bohr, Ben Roy Mottelson, Leo James Rainwater
- Chemistry – John Warcup Cornforth, Vladimir Prelog
- Medicine – David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco, Howard Martin Temin
- Literature – Eugenio Montale
- Peace – Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov
- Economics – Leonid Kantorovich, Tjalling Koopmans
- "Keith Jarrett – Biography". All About Jazz. Archived from the original on March 18, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
- "Women Cagers Make TV Debut", Ocala (FL) Star-Banner", January 27, 1975, p. 2B
- "1975: Tories choose first woman leader". BBC News. February 11, 1975.
- "BBC ON THIS DAY". news.bbc.co.uk.
- Archontology.org: A Guide for Study of Historical Offices: South Africa: Heads of State: 1961–1994 (Accessed on 14 April 2017)
- Jeffery, Anthea (2009). People's War - New Light on the Struggle for South Africa (1st ed.). Johannesburg & Cape Town: Jonathan Ball Publishers. pp. 11–12, 14–15. ISBN 978-1-86842-357-6.
- The Watchtower, August 15, 1968, pp. 494–501; Awake!, May 22, 1969, p. 15; The Watchtower, March 15, 1980, p. 17, para. 5–6.
- "1975: London Hilton bombed". BBC News. 1975-09-05. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
- Malan, Magnus (2006). My lewe saam met die SA Weermag (1st ed.). Pretoria: Protea Boekhuis. p. 121. ISBN 978-1-86919-113-9.
- Image caption of U.S. Centers for Disease Control Public Health Image LibraryC image number 7762.